Atividade física, comportamento sedentário e saúde da mulher: um mapa de evidências

Autores

  • Fernanda Laís Loro Universidade Federal de São Paulo. Departamento de Ciências do Movimento Humano, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Fisiologia do Exercício Aplicada à Clínica. Santos, São Paulo, Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0504-4953
  • Thatiane Lopes Valentim Di Paschoale Ostolin Universidade Federal de São Paulo. Departamento de Ciências do Movimento Humano, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Fisiologia do Exercício Aplicada à Clínica. Santos, São Paulo, Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8492-2840

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12820/rbafs.28e0318

Palavras-chave:

Comportamento sedentário, Exercício físico, Saúde da mulher

Resumo

A atividade física (AF) regular contribui para prevenção e controle de doenças crônicas não transmissíveis, auxilia na manutenção do peso corporal e previne declínio cognitivo e sintomas depressivos. Diante de maior prevalência de inatividade física no sexo feminino, assim como as particularidades da mulher que interferem na condição de saúde, surge a necessidade de identificar e sumarizar os efeitos de intervenções para mudança de estilo de vida (MEV) na saúde da mulher. O objetivo do estudo foi mapear a literatura sobre AF, comportamento sedentário e saúde da mulher a partir da elaboração de um mapa de evidências. Após a busca na literatura em 7 bases de dados em abril de 2022, foram selecionadas 29 revisões sistemáticas e metanálises sobre intervenções de MEV com ênfase em incentivo à prática de AF e treinamento com exercício em mulheres. Ao todo, foram avaliados os efeitos de 22 tipos de intervenções distribuídos em 7 grupos para 159 desfechos em saúde. Os efeitos das intervenções associadas aos desfechos foram classificados como positivo (n = 83), potencialmente positivo (n = 20), inconclusivo (n = 10) e sem efeito (n = 42). O nível de confiança foi baixo para 12 estudos, médio para 10 e alto somente em 7 estudos. As evidências foram mais consistentes e robustas em relação a AF, treinamento concorrente e/ou combinado, exercício aeróbio, exercício para musculatura do assoalho pélvico e exercício multicomponente, sobretudo durante os cuidados pré-natais e para o manejo de incontinência urinária e câncer.

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Publicado

2024-02-01

Como Citar

1.
Loro FL, Ostolin TLVDP. Atividade física, comportamento sedentário e saúde da mulher: um mapa de evidências. Rev. Bras. Ativ. Fís. Saúde [Internet]. 1º de fevereiro de 2024 [citado 3º de março de 2024];28:1-29. Disponível em: https://rbafs.org.br/RBAFS/article/view/15009

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Artigos de Revisão