Sleep, sedentary behavior and physical activity: changes on children’s routine during the COVID-19

  • Luís Carlos Barbosa Silva Laboratory of Cineanthropometry, Physical Activity and Health Promotion, Federal University of Alagoas, Arapiraca, Alagoas, Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8760-1014
  • Cinthya Rafaella Magalhães da Nóbrega Noaves Laboratory of Cineanthropometry, Physical Activity and Health Promotion, Federal University of Alagoas, Arapiraca, Alagoas, Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4795-6328
  • Ronaldo Alexandre de Lima Júnior Laboratory of Cineanthropometry, Physical Activity and Health Promotion, Federal University of Alagoas, Arapiraca, Alagoas, Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7460-3398
  • Bruno Barbosa Giudicelli Laboratory of Cineanthropometry, Physical Activity and Health Promotion, Federal University of Alagoas, Arapiraca, Alagoas, Brazil.
  • Arnaldo Tenório da Cunha Júnior Universidade Federal de Alagoas
  • Maria Cecília Marinho Tenório Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.
  • Clarice Maria de Lucena Martins Universidade Federal da Paraíba https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4947-9329
  • Rafael Miranda Tassitano Federal Rural University of Pernambuco, Recife, Pernambuco, Brazil.
Palavras-chave: sono

Resumo

O isolamento social foi adotado como estratégia para reduzir a velocidade de transmissão da síndrome respiratória aguda grave de coronavírus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) em vários países do mundo, incluindo o Brasil. Como resultado, as escolas foram fechadas e as rotinas das crianças alteradas, afetando o sono, o comportamento sedentário e a atividade física. O presente estudo tem como objetivo comparar a rotina semanal das crianças e o tempo dispendido em sono, comportamento sedentário e atividade física antes e durante a pandemia da doença coronavírus 2019 (COVID-19). Estudo de caráter transversal e com abordagem quanti-qualitativa, com 120 pais, mães ou responsáveis de crianças de 5 a 10 anos de ambos os sexos, matriculadas em 5 escolas de tempo integral de Arapiraca, Alagoas, Brasil. Foram realizadas duas entrevistas, no período de 27 de Maio à 05 de Junho, abordando os aspectos do sono, comportamento sedentário e atividade física antes e durante a pandemia, a fim de atender o objetivo de pesquisa. Na análise dos dados quantitativos foi realizado o teste t de amostra emparelhada, já para os dados qualitativos foi utilizada a análise do discurso. Foram encontradas diferenças significativas (p < 0,05) na rotina e no tempo de sono (aumento de 10%), no tempo de tela (aumento de 36%) antes vs durante a pandemia de COVID-19, em dias de semana e finais de semana. Foi observada também uma redução na prática de atividade física (54%). Portanto, os achados indicam comportamentos durante a pandemia de COVID-19 que podem ser prejudiciais à saúde das crianças e a escola pode ser um ambiente social importante na proteção a exposição de tais condutas.

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Publicado
09-11-2020
Seção
Artigos Originais