Hypertrigliceridemic waist, physical activity and cardiovascular risk factors in schoolchildren
Palavras-chave:Motor activity, Dyslipidemias, Blood glucose
The present study aimed to analyze the prevalence of the Hypertriglyceridemic Waist (HTW) and its rates with levels of physical activity, nutritional status and lipid profile of students from public schools. The 448 schoolchildren aged 10 to 18 years old were analyzed for body mass, height, BMI (waist circumference), triglycerides, total cholesterol, HDL-C, LDL-C, non-HDL cholesterol, fasting blood glucose and weekly physical activity time. The survey results showed a high prevalence of the HTW phenotype in schoolchildren (n = 125; 27.9%). The group diagnosed with phenotype has higher body mass, BMI, total cholesterol, LDL-C and non-HDL cholesterol and a lower level of HDL-C about the group without a diagnosis of the phenotype. However, for fasting blood glucose measurements and time of physical activity, the groups are no different. An association analysis using logistic regression showed the HTW phenotype associated with sex, nutritional status, and total cholesterol, where boys presented 2.0 (95%CI: 1.3 - 3.2); obese 6.2 (95%CI: 2.7 - 17.2) and cholesterol levels above 150 mg/dL 3.5 (95%CI: 2.1 - 5.7) times more likely to have the phenotype. In this way, the present research showed a high prevalence of HTW in schoolchildren from public schools, with boys, obese and schoolchildren with total cholesterol levels, the individuals most likely to have the phenotype. However, it is worth emphasizing the importance of monitoring these variables throughout the year in all courses, given the period of strong, biological, behavioral and psychological changes, as they can quickly change the values of the analyzed variables.
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