Home-based exercise during confinement in COVID-19 pandemic and mental health in adults: a cross-sectional comparative study

Resumo

Este estudo comparou a qualidade de vida, qualidade subjetiva do sono, atitudes alimentares e aspectos psicológicos em adultos (22,93 ± 2,58 anos), fisicamente inativos ou não, antes e durante a pandemia do COVID-19. Os participantes foram divididos em: exercícios domiciliares durante o confinamento (grupo EDDC, n = 34), fisicamente inativos durante (grupo FIDC, n = 28) e antes do confinamento (grupo FIAC, n = 27). A escala de depressão, ansiedade e estresse – versão curta, índice de qualidade do sono de Pittsburgh, teste de atitudes alimentares e o questionário de qualidade de vida foram utilizados para avaliar variáveis. A análise de covariância (covariável – gênero) foi utilizada para comparar os grupos. O tamanho do efeito foi calculado por Cohen "d" (ESd). O grupo EDDC apresentou uma melhor qualidade de vida em comparação aos grupos FIDC (p = 0,002, ESd = 1,26) e FIAC (p = 0,008, ESd = 1,00). Ansiedade (p = 0,004, ESd = 0,96), depressão (p = 0,02, ESd = 0,65) e estresse (p = 0,02, ESd = 0,72) foram significativamente maiores no grupo FIDC quando comparados ao EDDC. A qualidade do sono subjetiva foi melhor no EDDC do que nos outros grupos (p < 0,05). Nenhum grupo apresentou sintomas de transtorno alimentar; entretanto, o grupo EDDC mostrou escores maiores em comparação ao FIAC (p = 0,01). Em conclusão, adultos que se exercitaram em casa durante a pandemia do COVID-19 apresentaram melhor qualidade de vida, qualidade subjetiva de sono e níveis reduzidos de ansiedade, depressão e estresse do que aqueles fisicamente inativos.

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Publicado
14-09-2020
Seção
Artigos Originais