Comportamento sedentário em adolescentes brasileiros: uma revisão sistemática

Palavras-chave: Adolescente, Comportamento sedentário, Tempo de tela

Resumo

Objetivou-se descrever aspectos metodológicos da pesquisa em comportamento sedentário e identificar intervenções para redução do comportamento sedentário em adolescentes brasileiros. A busca de dados foi de outubro de 2014 a abril de 2019. As bases de dados utilizadas foram LILACS, Pubmed, SciELO e Scopus. Foram critérios de inclusão artigos originais publicados em revistas nacionais e internacionais, teses e dissertações completas disponíveis para download, com amostras que incluíssem adolescentes brasileiros. Encontrou-se 491 estudos e 38 foram incluídos na síntese qualitativa. Somente 13,1% dos trabalhos apresentaram desenho experimental. O tempo de tela foi o indicador mais utilizado para caracterizar o comportamento sedentário. O ponto de corte mais frequente foi o de 2 horas/dia, entretanto, identificou-se 17 pontos de corte diferentes. Apenas 13,1% das pesquisas utilizaram medidas objetivas para mensurar o comportamento sedentário. Conclui-se que a falta de padronização nos indicadores e pontos de corte do comportamento sedentário dificultam a comparação entre os resultados das pesquisas. É necessária a utilização de medidas objetivas para informações mais fidedignas. Há carência de estudos de intervenção na redução do comportamento sedentário em adolescentes brasileiros.

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Publicado
29-10-2020
Seção
Artigos de Revisão