Indoor physical activities, eating and sleeping habits among school adolescents during COVID-19 pandemic


  • Lilian Messias Sampaio Brito Universidade Federal do Paraná
  • Margaret C. da Silva Boguszewski University Federal of Parana, Pediatrics Departament, Curitiba, Parana, Brazil.
  • Mariana T. Rosa de Souza University Federal of Parana, Education Departament, Curitiba, Parana, Brazil.
  • Fernando Martins University Federal of Mato Grosso do Sul, Medicine Department, Campo Grande, Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil.
  • Jorge Mota University of Porto, Faculty of Sport, Porto, Portugal.
  • Neiva Leite University Federal of Parana, Physical Education Department, Curitiba, Parana, Brazil and Faculty of Sport, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal.



Virus, Pandemia, Adolescents, Athletes, Exercise, Brazil


Social isolation is a strategy to avoid contracting and spreading the coronavirus. This study aimed to evaluate physical activities (PA) performed indoors and other habits among adolescents during social isolation due to the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19). A cross-sectional study including 342 adolescents, aged 12 to 17 years, all students from a public school who regularly participated in sports activities during the school day. An online questionnaire was sent to the students via a web link with 18 questions about eating habits, sleep, virus protection and PA. The average age of the students was 15 ± 1.36 years, 41.5% of them live with three people at home, 77.5% live in houses, 95% answered that they were following the recommended care for COVID-19. Two thirds of the family members worked outside their homes and 65.2% of them were working in direct exposure to COVID-19 (essential services). More than half (53.2%) of adolescents eat up to three meals a day and 80% meet the recommended hours of rest per night. Most of the day was on social networks and only 27% met the recommendations for PA; 29.8% reported weight gain and among them, 54.9% reported exercising at times and 27.4% no exercise at all (p < 0.001). We concluded that despite recommendations, there were reduction in daily PA and increase in screen time among adolescents during social isolation due to COVID-19. There is an urgent need to review strategies to encourage adolescents to maintain indoor PA in addition to a healthier habit.


Não há dados estatísticos.


Kelvin AA, Halperi S. COVID-19 in children: the link in the transmission chain. Lancet Infect Dis. 2020.

Munster VJ, Koopmans M, Van Doremalen, N, Van Riel D, Wit E. A novel coronavirus emerging in china — key questions for impact assessment. N Eng J Med. 2020;382(8):692-4.

World Health Organization. Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak. Geneva: World Health Organization. 2020.

Ferreira MJ, Irigoyen MC, Consolim-Colombo F, Saraiva JFK, De Angelis K. Physically Active Lifestyle as an Approach to Confronting COVID-19. [published online ahead of print, 2020 Apr 9]. Vida Fisicamente Ativa como Medida de Enfrentamento ao COVID-19 [published online ahead of print, 2020 Apr 9]. Arq Bras Cardiol. 2020.

Ornell F, Schuch J, Sordi AO, Kessler FHP. “Pandemic fear” and COVID-19: mental health burden and strategies. Braz J Psychiatry. 2020.

Sahu P. Closure of Universities Due to Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Impact on Education and Mental Health of Students and Academic Staff. Cureus. 2020;12(4):e7541.f.

Goodie LJ, Wilfong K, Krok, P. Chapter 10 - The influence of health behaviors upon the association between stress and depression and cardiovascular disease. Cardiovascular Implications of Stress and Depression. Academic Press; 2020. p.225-54.

Sichieri R, Coitinho DC, Monteiro JB, Coutinho WF. Recomendações de alimentação e nutrição saudável para a população brasileira. Arq Bras Endocrinol Metab. 2000;44(3):227-32.

Hirshkowitz M, Whiton K, Albert SM, Alessi C, Bruni O, DonCarlos L. National Sleep Foundation’s sleep time duration recommendations: methodology and results summary. Sleep Heal1.2015;1(1):40-3.

Lima DLF, DIAS AA, Rabelo RS, Cruz ID, Costa C, Nigri FMN et al. COVID-19 no Estado do Ceará: Comportamentos e crenças na chegada da pandemia. Cien Saúde Colet. 2020;25(5):1575-86.

Oman RF, King AC. Predicting the adoption and maintenance of exercise participation using self-efficacy and previous exercise participation rates. Am J Heal Promot. 1998;12(3):154-61.

Xiang M, Zhang Z, Kuwahara K. Impact of COVID-19 pandemic on children and adolescents' lifestyle behavior larger than expected. Prog in Cardiovasc Dis. 2020; S0033-0620(20):30096-97.

Vries H. An Integrated approach for understanding health behavior: The I-Change Modelas an example. Psychol Behav Sci Int J. 2017;2(2):555-85.

Picha KJ, Lester M, Heebner NR, Abt JP, Usher EL, Capilouto G, et al. Self-efficacy for home exercise program scale. Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2019;49(9):647-55.

Guthold R, Stevens AG, Riley ML, Bull CF. Global trends in insufficient physical activity among adolescents: a pooled analysis of 298 population-based surveys with 1·6 million participants. The Lancet Chil Adolesc Health. 2019;4(1):23-35.

WHO. Global Recommendations on Physical Activity for Health. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2010. Available from:

American College of Sports. (ACSM). Staying active during the coronavirus pandemic. [Internet]. [Cited in 2020 Mar 16] Available from:

Chen Q, Liang M, Li Y, Guo J, Fei D, Wang L, et al. Mental health care for medical staff in China during the COVID-19 outbreak. [Internet] 2020. [Cited 2020 April 2]. Available in:




Como Citar

Brito LMS, Boguszewski MC da S, Souza MTR de, Martins F, Mota J, Leite N. Indoor physical activities, eating and sleeping habits among school adolescents during COVID-19 pandemic. Rev. Bras. Ativ. Fís. Saúde [Internet]. 14º de setembro de 2020 [citado 18º de julho de 2024];25:1-6. Disponível em:



Artigos Originais