Indoor physical activities, eating and sleeping habits among school adolescents during COVID-19 pandemic
Social isolation is a strategy to avoid contracting and spreading the coronavirus. This study aimed to evaluate physical activities (PA) performed indoors and other habits among adolescents during social isolation due to the coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19). A cross-sectional study including 342 adolescents, aged 12 to 17 years, all students from a public school who regularly participated in sports activities during the school day. An online questionnaire was sent to the students via a web link with 18 questions about eating habits, sleep, virus protection and PA. The average age of the students was 15 ± 1.36 years, 41.5% of them live with three people at home, 77.5% live in houses, 95% answered that they were following the recommended care for COVID-19. Two thirds of the family members worked outside their homes and 65.2% of them were working in direct exposure to COVID-19 (essential services). More than half (53.2%) of adolescents eat up to three meals a day and 80% meet the recommended hours of rest per night. Most of the day was on social networks and only 27% met the recommendations for PA; 29.8% reported weight gain and among them, 54.9% reported exercising at times and 27.4% no exercise at all (p < 0.001). We concluded that despite recommendations, there were reduction in daily PA and increase in screen time among adolescents during social isolation due to COVID-19. There is an urgent need to review strategies to encourage adolescents to maintain indoor PA in addition to a healthier habit.
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