Effects of community-based interventions on physical activity levels: systematic review

  • Paulo Henrique Guerra Universidade Federal da Fronteira Sul, Chapecó, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Grupo de Estudos e Pesquisas Epidemiológicas em Atividade Física e Saúde da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4239-0716
  • Evelyn Helena Corgosinho Ribeiro Grupo de Estudos e Pesquisas Epidemiológicas em Atividade Física e Saúde da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3565-6830
  • Tiago Rodrigues Lima Programa de Pós-Graduação em Educação Física da Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4568-2255
  • Douglas Roque Andrade Grupo de Estudos e Pesquisas Epidemiológicas em Atividade Física e Saúde da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil. Escola de Artes, Ciências e Humanidades da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5135-582X
  • Mathias Roberto Loch Programa de Pós-Graduação em Saúde Coletiva da Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Londrina, Paraná, Brasil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2680-4686

Resumo

Com o objetivo de avaliar os efeitos de intervenções comunitárias nos níveis de atividade física (AF) em adultos, em dezembro de 2017 foi desenvolvida uma revisão sistemática, buscando ensaios controlados randomizados (ECR) comunitários com intervenções voltadas à promoção da AF avaliadas por métodos objetivos em amostras de adultos. Ao todo, nove ECR compuseram a síntese descritiva. A maioria dos ECR foi direcionada às pessoas inativas e mulheres. Considerando o número de passos por dia, quatro das cinco intervenções apresentaram resultados estatisticamente positivos. Em relação aos níveis de AF moderadas e vigorosas, duas de cinco intervenções apresentaram resultados potenciais. A maioria das intervenções foi baseada em atividades educacionais como práticas de aconselhamento, visitas domiciliares e chamadas telefônicas. Em conclusão, a maioria dos estudos incluídos mostrou o potencial das intervenções comunitárias ao aumento do número de passos por dia. É importante que futuros estudos debatam estratégias operacionais das intervenções, como o aconselhamento e visitas domiciliares.

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Biografia do Autor

Paulo Henrique Guerra, Universidade Federal da Fronteira Sul, Chapecó, Santa Catarina, Brasil. Grupo de Estudos e Pesquisas Epidemiológicas em Atividade Física e Saúde da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brasil

Professor Adjunto da Universidade Federal da Fronteira Sul (componente: Saúde Coletiva) e Pesquisador do Grupo de Estudos e Pesquisas Epidemiológicas em Atividade Física e Saúde (GEPAF), Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Artes, Ciências e Humanidades (EACH-USP)

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Publicado
26-10-2020
Seção
Artigos de Revisão