Association of physical activity with sleep health: A systematic review
Examinar sistematicamente a literatura sobre atividade física e sono em amostras não clínicas e de base populacional. Foram incluídos artigos originais testando a associação entre atividade física (como exposição) e sono (como desfecho) em amostras representativas da população em geral, de trabalhadores ou de universitários. Os desfechos incluídos foram duração do sono, qualidade do sono e insônia. Estudos que avaliaram amostras que incluíram somente indivíduos com alguma doença ou condição de saúde foram excluídos. A busca foi realizada em março de 2018 nas seguintes bases: PubMed, Scopus, Lilacs, CINAHL e SPORTdiscus. As informações extraídas dos dados foram ano, autor, país, população, faixa etária, tamanho da amostra, delineamento, mensuração e definição das variáveis de desfecho e exposição, variáveis de ajuste e principais resultados. Foram selecionados 57 estudos. A maioria foi conduzida em países de renda alta e com delineamento tranversal. Atividade física foi associada a menor odds de insônia (10 de 17 estudos), qualidade ruim do sono (12 de 19 estudos) e longa duração (7 de 11 estudos). Os resultados sobre curta duração ou duração avaliada de forma contínua permanecem inconclusivos. Os estudos selecionados usaram instrumentos heterogêneos tanto para atividade física quanto sono. Atividade física parece estar associada com qualidade do sono e insônia especialmente entre adultos e idosos onde estes desfechos foram mais frequentemente avaliados. Os efeitos a curto e longo prazo da atividade física em diferentes intensidades ainda precisam ser melhor explorados em futuros estudos originais.
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