Handball practice on bone health of female adolescents: evaluation of an eight-month competitive period

Resumo

Uma estratégia para prevenir doenças relacionadas a baixa densidade óssea, como a osteoporose, é aumentar o incremento da massa óssea durante a infância e a adolescência. O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar a densidade mineral óssea (DMO) e o conteúdo mineral ósseo (CMO) de adolescentes jogadoras de handebol com adolescentes da mesma idade que não jogavam (grupo controle) e avaliar a resposta da DMO e CMO ao longo de oito meses de temporada competitiva de handebol. Um grupo de 58 adolescentes do sexo feminino (12 a 17 anos de idade) foram alocadas em dois grupos: jogadoras de handebol (HG: n = 27) e grupo controle (GC: n = 31). O BMC e o BMD e respectivo escore-Z foram medidos pela absorciometria por raios X de dupla energia. Maturidade sexual, menarca, pico de velocidade de crescimento (PHV), exposição ao sol e ingestão de cálcio foram avaliados. No início, as jogadoras de handebol apresentaram maior CMO e DMO do que o grupo controle (p < 0.05). Essas diferenças entre os grupos desapareceram após ajuste para peso, IMC, menarca e massa magra. O HG aumentou a CMO e a DMO do corpo total e da coluna lombar após oito meses. A análise do escore Z mostrou maior DMO do corpo total, coluna lombar, fêmur e quadril no HG do que no CG. Os resultados mostraram que, após um período competitivo de handebol de oito meses, houve um aumento na DMO do corpo total das jogadoras de handebol. Os resultados mostram que oito meses de temporada competitiva no handebol pode induzir um aumento no crescimento ósseo quando comparado a adolescentes do sexo feminino que tinham valores similares de BMD e BMC no início do estudo.

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Publicado
26-09-2019
Seção
Artigos Originais