Efeitos de intervenções de base escolar na pressão arterial de crianças com obesidade: metanálise

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.12820/rbafs.29e0330

Palavras-chave:

Crianças, Educação física, Escola, Pressão arterial, Excesso de peso, Obesidade

Resumo

Com base na declaração Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), foi realizada uma revisão sistemática com metanálise para identificar e sumarizar os efeitos de intervenções escolar baseadas na atividade física que buscaram o controle e / ou redução da pressão arterial (sistólica e diastólica) em crianças e / ou adolescentes com excesso de peso e / ou obesidade. Em setembro de 2022, estudos potenciais foram pesquisados em cinco bases de dados eletrônicas (Pubmed, Scielo, Scopus, Sportdiscus, e Web of Science) e em listas de referências. Foram considerados para a síntese ensaios controlados randomizados realizados em escolas, com intervenções que envolviam a atividade física e avaliação da pressão arterial sistólica e diastólica em crianças e adolescentes dos 6 aos 19 anos com excesso de peso e/ ou obesidade. O risco de viés foi avaliado utilizando uma versão adaptada do instrumento Effective Public Health Practice Project (EPHPP). A metanálise foi elaborada a partir do modelo randômico. Foram incluídos quatro estudos. Para a pressão arterial sistólica, observou-se um efeito sumarizado de -0,10 (IC 95%: -0,39; 0,19; I2 = 0%). Para a pressão diastólica, a metanálise indicou -0,33 (IC 95%: -0,62; -0,04; I2 = 11%). Considerando os efeitos promissores na pressão arterial diastólica, sugerimos o desenvolvimento de mais intervenções escolares fundamentadas na prática de atividade física às populações com sobrepeso e / ou obesidade, que possam agregar também, em suas estratégias, elementos ambientais, maior duração, abordagens multicomponentes e envolvimento dos pais / responsáveis.

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Biografia do Autor

Paulo Henrique Guerra, Federal University of Fronteira Sul, Chapecó, Santa Catarina, Brazil.

Professor Adjunto da Universidade Federal da Fronteira Sul (componente: Saúde Coletiva) e Pesquisador do Grupo de Estudos e Pesquisas Epidemiológicas em Atividade Física e Saúde (GEPAF), Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Artes, Ciências e Humanidades (EACH-USP)

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Publicado

2024-06-04

Como Citar

1.
Wiggers E, Costa GP, Ribeiro EHC, Costa EC, Trapé Átila A, Guerra PH. Efeitos de intervenções de base escolar na pressão arterial de crianças com obesidade: metanálise. Rev. Bras. Ativ. Fís. Saúde [Internet]. 4º de junho de 2024 [citado 21º de junho de 2024];29:1-7. Disponível em: https://rbafs.org.br/RBAFS/article/view/15226

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