Exercício intervalado de alta intensidade e pressão arterial ambulatorial de adolescentes obesos

Palavras-chave: Exercício, Monitorização ambulatorial da pressão arterial, Saúde do adolescente

Resumo

O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar o comportamento da pressão arterial ambulatorial de adolescentes obesos após uma sessão de exercício intervalado de alta intensidade (HIT) na esteira ergométrica. Trata-se de uma pesquisa com delineamento cross-over randomizado, realizada com nove adolescentes do sexo masculino de 15 a 18 anos de idade. Os voluntários realizaram dois protocolos experimentais, com intervalo mínimo de 48 horas: controle e HIT. O protocolo HIT foi constituído de cinco séries a 85 – 95% do VO2pico por um minuto, intercalados por três minutos de recuperação a 40 - 50% do VO2pico. Antes e após os protocolos, frequência cardíaca, pressão arterial sistólica (PAS), pressão arterial diastólica e pressão arterial média foram mensuradas na posição sentada. A medida ambulatorial da pressão arterial foi realizada nos dois protocolos por meio de um monitor automático da marca SpaceLabs 90207, programado para realizar medidas a cada 20 minutos, das 12:00 às 22:00 horas. Os efeitos dos protocolos experimentais nas respostas hemodinâmicas foram testados por meio da análise de variância para medidas repetidas, considerando-se os fatores (controle e HIT) e tempo (pré-sessão e pós-sessão). Os resultados apontaram diferença significativa entre as médias da PAS nos protocolos controle e HIT na primeira hora após o final do exercício (133,66 ± 7,56 vs 125,88 ± 7,20 mmHg, respectivamente; p = 0,005), indicando hipotensão pós-exercício induzida pelo HIT. O protocolo HIT empregado promoveu efeito hipotensor de moderada magnitude e curta duração sobre a PAS.

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Publicado
16-10-2018
Seção
Artigos Originais