Built environment and physical activity for the elderly: a systematic review of South America

  • Hermes Koller De Paiva Federal University of Paraná, Graduate Physical Education Program, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil. Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná, Physical Activity and Quality of Life Research Group, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2523-5354
  • Édina Maria de Camargo Federal University of Paraná, Graduate Physical Education Program, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil. Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná, Physical Activity and Quality of Life Research Group, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil. Federal University of Paraná, Center for Physical Activity and Health Studies, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2127-2606
  • Rodrigo Siqueira Reis Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná, Physical Activity and Quality of Life Research Group, Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil. Washington University in Saint Louis, Brown School, Prevention Research Center, Saint Louis, Missouri, USA. Pontifical Catholic University of Paraná, Graduate Program in Urban Management. Curitiba, Paraná, Brazil. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9872-9865
Palavras-chave: Motor activity, Built environment, Elderly

Resumo

Foi realizada uma revisão sistemática com o objetivo de avaliar estudos sobre características do ambiente construído relacionadas aos níveis de atividade física (NAF) de idosos da América do Sul. As buscas foram realizadas nas bases eletrônicas Bireme, SciElo, Web Of Science e Scopus durante o ano de 2017. Foram incluídos estudos empíricos, quantitativos, a partir do ano de 1990, que apresentassem informações sobre a relação entre ambiente construído e atividade física (AF) para idosos da América do Sul, publicados em português, inglês ou espanhol. Após a exclusão dos títulos repetidos, restaram 9.592 artigos, desses, apenas nove foram selecionados, todos com delineamento transversal e amostras compostas por ambos os sexos, sendo 77,8% realizados no Brasil. A maioria dos artigos (66,7%) empregou a Escala de Mobilidade no Ambiente Comunitário Abreviada – A-NEWS Brasil para avaliar o ambiente construído e 88,9% utilizou o Questionário Internacional de Atividade Física para avaliar NAF. A caminhada total (lazer e deslocamento) foi investigada em 22,2% dos estudos, a AF de lazer em 55,5% e a AF de deslocamento em 44,4%. A presença de estruturas para prática de AF e de serviços foram associados ao NAF, assim como a conectividade e inclinação das ruas e a percepção de segurança. Concluiu-se que a instalação de estruturas para prática de AF, bem como a melhoria da segurança, podem aumentar o NAF em idosos. Além disso, o emprego de informações obtidas por satélite e auditagem deve ser considerada para avaliação do ambiente construído.

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Publicado
19-10-2018
Seção
Artigos de Revisão